Though now most of villagers do not decide to conduct independent country farms, but realities of today's life (decline in production in public sector, extremely the low wage of agricultural workers, a systematic delay of its payment, unemployment growth) compel them to increase scales and marketability of the subsidiary farms which on the scales and functions come nearer to farms. Former collective farmers and employees of state farms as if necessarily turn into independent owners. Thus the agricultural enterprises carry out functions on supply of LPH with equipment, the vehicles and other resources necessary for their effective maintaining.
Dynamics of development of three segments of agrarian economy (collective, farmer, personal subsidiary farms brightly shows the first paradox of an agrarian reform shown in expansion of small-scale production. Contrary to intentions of reformers not farms and not incorporated collective farms, and personal subsidiary farms of villagers became the leading sectors of agricultural production. Without having any means of mechanization, partly owing to backwardness of the market of the small-sized equipment adapted for use in homestead farms, but more due to the lack of means at country people for their acquisition. Doubling of outputs and marketability of this category of farms happened only at the expense of increase in expenses of work of owners of LPH and members of their families. However expansion of small-scale production has and many minuses – occur naturalization of economy, return to natural forms of an exchange, decrease in a technological level of production, non-compliance with requirements of an agrotechnology, an aggravation of environmental problems.
Meanwhile historical experience represents an inexhaustible source of the most valuable information and is concrete - historical examples. On their basis it is possible to come nearer in some measure to understanding of reforms modern, and in certain cases and to predict, predict the basic directions of their development in the future. Here pertinently to add that, unfortunately, valuable historical experience sometimes remains unclaimed: we again and again repeat past mistakes that our descendants in turn and forgot in due time about our mistakes.
In the course of an agrarian reform the private sector. In the country 280,1 thousand country () farms to which more than 12 million hectares are assigned. lands. The average size of the land area of a farmer makes 43 hectares.
The reasonable combination of collective forms of managing to a private initiative of peasants, orientation to the balanced development of three segments of agrarian economy taking into account the developing tendencies of their development is necessary. It is expedient to pay special attention to successfully functioning personal subsidiary farms, creating, on the one hand, opportunities for their integration with collective farms, and with another, – for transformation of LPH in farms.
The agriculture is one of the most important branches of a national economy. It makes food for the population, raw materials for processing industry, provides also other needs of society. Therefore, an actual problem is the problem of further increase of level of efficiency of branch now.